Recruitment Information

Información contratación laboral formación prácticas náutica


When a company is recruiting for the first time,it must register as a workplace.

Registration as an employer is done at the Tesorería General de la Seguridad Social (TGSS), in order to obtain the Código de Cuenta de Cotización Principal (CCC).

Worker:Registration on the Social Security.

The contract can be made orally or in writing. It is recommended to do it in writing, in order to set out all the agreements between the parties, and for example, if it is done orally, it would directly become an indefinite contract.

The recruitment of sailors is regulated in the Estatuto de los Trabajadores, maritime ordinances and international standards.

On the other hand, the captain's or skipper's contract, being then considered as a senior management contract, is regulated by what the parties freely agree. That is to say, salary, duration of the contract, causes for termination, compensations, are subject to the arbitration of the shipowner and the skipper without any submission to El Estatuto de los Trabajadores. When there is no agreement, whether or not the contract is formalised in writing, the relationship will be regulated by a decree that regulates the senior management contract and, additionally, by the workers' statute.

Social and nautical employment security,

Social security legislation establishes a special regime for seafarers. This regime must include the heterogeneous group of people who in some way participate in the work related to navigation and is managed by the Instituto Social de la Marina.

Workers on board recreational vessels and also those workers on land, of an administrative or technical nature for companies involved in activities related to maritime traffic, fishing or other activities, are included in this regime.

When it comes to recruitment, it is necessary to take into account certain features that nautical professions have in comparison with other workers. For example, in some cases, you work on a boat which, depending on the chosen flag, will determine the applicable regulations in each case.

In the case of recreational vessels, the regulations that regulate the contracts are national.

Types of contract:

  • Indefinite contract.

  • Temporary contract.

  • Contract for training and learning. -

  • Internship contract.

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Información contratación laboral formación prácticas náutica
Información contratación laboral formación prácticas náutica

Internship contract VS academic internship:

Depending on your relationship with the company, you will have certain rights and obligations.

Relationship with the company:

-The internship contract: It does involve an employment relation between the company and the intern.

-Academic internships: Whether or not they are for the curriculum, they do not have an employment relationship with the company. It is a collaboration agreement between the company and the student and the study centre.

Who can do an internship.

- Insternship contract: After finishing the university studies, professional training or a certificate of professionalism, and 5 years thereafter (7 years for people with disabilities).

- Academic internships: only students enrolled in study centres.


- Internship contract: A salary in which the amount will never be less than the minimum interprofessional wage. Nor 60% of the salary established in the collective agreement.

- Academic internships: Neither salary nor wage. However, an aid for studying may be fixed.


- Internship contract: Social security contributions are always paid and are also paid for unemployment and professional training. IRPF according to particular circumstances.

- Academic internships: No contributions are paid if the internship is not remunerated. IRPF 2%.

Contribution rebates for internship contracts.

Incentives for companies, aid of €500/year if an internship contract is converted into a indefinite contract, for companies with fewer than 50 employees. ( 700 €/year if female).


- Internship contract: A minimum of 6 months and a maximum of 2 years. Specify the timetable in the contract.

- Academic internships: A maximum of the 50% of the duration of the course or 6 months. Timetable has to be compatible with studies

Bonificaciones en contratos

  • Find out more about the subsidies you can apply according to your needs and conditions:

Under construction


The Single Payment or Capitalisation is an aid for the start-up of entrepreneurial projects. Its objective is to generate self-employment. Su objetivo es generar autoempleo.

The necessary requirements to obtain this payment are::

Información contratación laboral formación prácticas náutica

Formulario de solicitud Pago Único

  • Link to the application form for the Single Payment, or Capitalisation.
información ayudas subvenciones punt nautic

– Aids for the promotion of employment:

Rebates in social security contributions for recruitment in the following cases:

  • Temporary period. When a worker is on paternity, maternity or breastfeeding leave, he/she can apply for this aid, which completely subsidises the social security contribution, for a minimum period of one month.
  • Family conciliation. When you have to take care of children under 12 years of age or disabled dependents, for 12 months, the social security contribution can be reduced by 100% if the contract is indefinite, and 50% if it is partial.
  • Recruitment of family members, 2nd degree of consanguinity, and a reduction of 50% for the first 18 months.
  • Rebates for interships.

Ayudas al fomento:

  • Link to the LABORA website, to find out about open grants or subsidies.

– ICO Financial aids.

The ICO offers several support tools available to finance both investment projects and the liquidity needs of the freelancers and companies. For the distribution of these products, the ICO acts in collaboration with the credit institutions added to each of the lines. The ICO provides the funds and the institutions are responsible for processing, studying and approving the operations under the conditions established in the lines.

Información ayudas subvenciones emprender náutica

Página de información para ayudas financieras ICO.

  • ICO Companies and Entrepreneurs /  ICO Guarantee SGR/SAECA /  ICO Commercial Credit.

Official search engines

información ayudas subvenciones punt nautic

1- National website to help entrepreneurs.

The Database of Aid and Incentives for Companies is an initiative of the Idustry Directorate-General and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, which gathers the efforts of public administrations and their bodies to encourage, maintain and develop economic activity and entrepreneurship. It is fed by the announcements of the official newspapers: European, state, autonomous, provincial and local newspapers; to which information from official bodies that publicise by other means is added.

All measures in the form of subsidies, credits, tax incentives or guarantees, among others, are included. The search offers this information at three levels of detail. On the first level you will get a list of grants or incentives according to your search. If you select a specific aid, you will obtain a file with the most relevant information. Finally, you can access the complete document with more detailed information and the text of the call.

  • Sistema Nacional de publicidad de subvenciones. This search engine displays the information provided by grantors.

2- Department of Agriculture, Rural Development, Climate Emergency and Ecological Transition.emprendimiento ayudas iniciativas empleo autónomo marina alta

Aids and subsidies that you can find on the website of the Conselleria de Agricultura, Medi Ambient, Canvi Climàtic i Desenvolupament rural, related to fishing. In this link, you can also find information related to fishing, fishing policies, data on the sector, aquaculture, recreational fishing, professional diving, etc...

Información ayudas subvenciones emprender náutica

Información sobre pesca.

  • Conselleria de Agricultura, Desarrollo Rural, Emergencia Climática y Transición Ecológica

3- Other search engines…

  • Sistema Nacional de publiciemprendimiento ayudas iniciativas empleo autónomo marina altadad de subvenciones. This search engine shows the information provided by the grantors of subsidies.
  •  Information on all calls for grants and Información ayudas subvenciones emprender náuticasubsidies in the field of the Ministry, as well as specific grants and subsidies for Fishing, classified by subject.
  • Generalitat Valenciana, if you are looking for an información ayudas y subvencionesaid for companies, for the promotion of employment. It is a search engine for all the aids and subsidies you can apply for.


  • The Ivaj (Instituto Valenciano de la juventud), is an organismo Ayuda subvención ocupación Marina Alta. of the Generalitat Valenciana, which manages independently a set of programmes and actions towards the concession of aids and subsidies, promoting the associationism.

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